Critics of Trump's infrastructure proposal say it puts too much of the financial burden on local governments and loosens important environmental regulations.
After the speech, Trump was expected to fly to his Florida home.
The president has kept a relatively low profile since the broadcast, except for a series of tweets about trade and his pending meeting with North Korea's leader.
The trip this week also coincides with a report from the White House Council of Economic Advisers that argues Trump's rebuilding initiative could add between 290,000 and 414,000 infrastructure jobs over a decade.More news: Sessions does not appoint second special counsel to review FBI misconduct claims
"We will transform our roads and bridges from a source of endless frustration into a source of incredible pride", he said.
Trump asked Congress last month to consider using a $200 billion federal investment to leverage more than $1 trillion in state, local and private funding that would pay for the improvements to the nation's infrastructure.
On Friday, Trump signed a massive spending bill that included $21 billion for infrastructure improvements.More news: Should You Worry About Influenza B? Doctors Say Don't Panic
Democratic U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown is calling for President Trump to include a "buy American, hire American" provision in his infrastructure plan.
President TrumpDonald John TrumpCigna says it has reduced customers use of opioids by 25 percent Greens launch campaign to get Pruitt fired White House: "Maximum pressure" campaign on North Korea is working MORE is taking his infrastructure pitch to OH as the administration's proposal for a sweeping overhaul of USA public works appears to be stalled in Congress.
The president appeared alongside outgoing communications director Hope Hicks outside the Oval Office on Hicks' last day at the White House. Hicks is leaving her post as White House communications director. The plan has received only tepid support from Congress since the administration unveiled it earlier this year.More news: Iceland announces its leaders won't attend World Cup in Russian Federation