Police clashed with rioters and later fired tear gas at the demonstrators who were headed towards the parliament building.
"We remain engaged with the European Union three throughout this process, and we are going to continue to branch out in new countries and reach new partners as the weeks go forward", the official said.
The protests on Monday also saw rare public anger at the Iranian regime's intervention in foreign conflicts throughout the Middle East. Tehran's backing of Lebanese militia Hezbollah, Syrian President Bashar Assad, the Houthi rebels in Yemen, Hamas and Islamic Jihad in Gaza, and Shi'ite militias in Syria and Iraq is estimated to cost some $1 billion annually.
"India does not recognize unilateral sanctions, but only sanctions by the United Nations", Sunjay Sudhir, joint secretary for worldwide cooperation at India's petroleum ministry, told CNNMoney when asked whether India would reduce oil imports from Iran. For a leader who relies so much on the dictum "America First", Mr Trump should realise that other countries too have the right to put their own interests first.More news: Argentina take player power to new level ahead of Nigeria clash
"On China and India, yes, certainly", a state department official told reporters when asked if the U.S. has told all countries, including India and China, to stop all their imports of Iranian oil by November 4.
In the Grand Bazaar, hundreds staged a similar protest, videos posted on social media showed. This year has just started but with Indian and European banks already pulling out of the energy sector in Iran, the prospects for oil imports are diminishing rapidly.
Prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi said the "main provocateurs" who planned the protest and threatened shopkeepers to close their stores were arrested. He did not elaborate on the number of people detained.
Parliament speaker Ali Larijani, speaking at the same event, appeared to criticise the administration.More news: Instagram Launches IGTV, a New App for Watching Long-Form Vertical Video
CBS News State Department reporter Kylie Atwood reports that this marks a revival of protests seen in December and January.
At least 25 people were killed and almost 5,000 arrested in the largest demonstrations in Iran since months of protests following the 2009 disputed presidential election. Iran reached the 2015 agreement, which called for it to curb its nuclear programme in return for the easing of sanctions, with the USA, the UK, France, Germany, China and Russian Federation.
External affairs minister Sushma Swaraj and defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman would be in the U.S. next week for talks with their American counterparts secretary of state Mike Pompeo and defence secretary James Mattis. "The U.S. can not defeat our nation; our enemies are not able to force us to their knees".
The nuclear deal, however, still stands, CBS News' Atwood reports. The US should also pause to consider the fact that other signatories to the Iran nuclear deal have chosen to stick with efforts to salvage the accord instead of backing the solitary path it has adopted.More news: Sara Netanyahu charged with misuse of public funds
In May 2018, US President Donald Trump withdrew the Iran nuclear deal signed in the year 2015 during the reign of Barack Obama.